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Wheeled loaders driven by production demands

First publishedin Aggregates Business Europe
2008 July August
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Case 1221E wheeled loader
Case is the latest manufacturer to expand its wheeled loader range upwards to meet the needs of the quarry sector

Spiralling fuel costs, demands for easy to operate equipment and calls for low maintenance are driving wheeled loader development

The initial cost of a new quarry machine used to be one of the main points when it came to deciding on which manufacturer's model to select, but that is beginning to change. Today quarry customers are demanding more fuel efficiency and lower maintenance to minimise total ownership costs, as well as easier to operate, more comfortable machines, and wheeled loaders are no exception.

Wheeled loaders are the quarry workhorse for loading operations both on the pit floor and the delivery yard. Increased use of wheeled loaders at the quarry face is fuelling demand for larger machines, while housekeeping and loading of delivery trucks is maintaining demand for medium sized machines.

Demand

Prospects of further growth in the larger wheeled loader market is driving the launch of machines such as Liebherr's range-topping L586, Volvo's L350F and re-badging of Hyundai's HL780-7A as the Case branded 1221E. Other manufacturers are also looking to move into this lucrative end of the market and fill out their product lines.

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JCB loader at work
Terex director of product management Paul Douglas admits that the company's wheeled loader range is not as extensive for the quarry sector as it could be but it is clear that will change. "We are looking to extend our wheeled loader range beyond the current 5m3 bucket size and we will do that through either a merger or an acquisition. We need to have wheeled loaders to provide a good capacity match for our articulated dump truck range." According to Douglas, the market for wheeled loaders in quarries is growing, which is why Terex wants to position itself better in the market. "In the US many operators use wheeled loaders at the quarry face for loading instead of excavators and this is a trend which we think will continue and spread to other regions," he said. "But there is also real growth in the materials processing sector despite the current economic climate which will create increased demand for all types of quarry machines.

Development of our own larger wheeled loaders to meet this would take too long which is why we are looking at the M&A market."

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Volvo L220F
Volvo's new hybrid powered L220F is said to offer significant fuel economy improvements over conventional machines

Development

Like many other items of construction equipment it is new legislation that is helping to drive development and this is also true of wheeled loaders.

Changes to engine emissions regulations have already seen many quarry-sized wheeled loaders undergo redesigns to accommodate new power plants when the Stage IIIA regulations came into force several years ago. Further, and possibly more significant, changes will come when the next Stage becomes law for this power bracket in 2014.

"The next step in the emissions laws is more complicated than the last one," said Hitachi product sales specialist Peter Stuijt. "The tighter emissions levels will call for changes in engine management as well as new fuel storage, usage and additive challenges."

The tougher emissions levels are likely to call for post treatment of exhaust gasses so machines will have to accommodate extra tanks for the chemicals and it will place an extra burden on owners to ensure that not only the regular daily checks are carried out, but also that these post treatment systems are topped up.Production boost
Production at Earthline's Shellingford Quarry in Oxfordshire, UK has been boosted through the delivery of three new JCB 456 wheeled loaders. One of 3.5m3 capacity machines is being used to extract sand at the site, while the other two are used to load screening equipment. According to Earthline director Philip Copplestone, the company opted for the new JCB machines after JCB dealer Holt arranged for field trials of the wheeled loaders in the quarry. "The operators found the 456 significantly more powerful and comfortable than our existing machines so it was a very simple decision to make the investment," he said.

Noise legislation has seen significant changes to wheeled loader design - both to the external shape and internally to the cab - as manufacturers work to minimise noise levels.

The next legislative change for wheeled loaders will come from the new EU Machinery Directive which is due to come into force next year. "The directive will help to standardise things such as access and egress systems and braking across EU countries but it is likely to create a cost challenge for both manufacturers and operators," said Douglas. "While the new legislation is helping to drive development of cleaner and safer machines, these are not items that the customer wants to pay for but the research and development involved is expensive. It is difficult to balance funding the development with not excessively raising machine prices."

Introduction of the newer engines to meet Stage IIIA regulations has brought greater fuel efficiency, which combined with the current high fuel prices, has made it easier for operators to see the innovation benefit in their bottom line.

The high cost of fuel is also driving development of hybrid powered machines and alternative drive systems.

Volvo has launched a hybrid powered version of its L220F wheeled loader. From an engineering perspective, hybrid power offers significant benefits in terms of quieter running, better fuel efficiency and possibly longer component life. However, the high cost of development may mean that customers buying into this technology may not see a return on their investment from the improved fuel economy alone.

Other manufacturers are looking to a more conventional solution to the cost of operation with improved drive trains. There seems to be a trend towards hydrostatic drives to deliver greater power transfer. Such drives are common on smaller machines but are now increasingly being used for larger wheeled loaders as they are known to offer better fuel efficiency than power shift systems.

Whole life costs

Many quarry operators now consider the cost of ownership and reliability a more important factor when it comes to buying a new machine, then the initial investment itself. "Customers now expect reliability with minimal down time and fewer service intervals," said Douglas. "In other words, the total life cost has to be minimal. In developed markets the initial cost of the machine is less significant than the availability and cost of parts and servicing from a local dealer." Some of the improvements in

reliability and reduced servicing have been made possible through the introduction of CANbus technology that allows the machine to be remotely monitored. This enables the local dealer to check the condition of the machine and carry out planned preventative maintenance to avoid breakdowns.

Further development

Looking ahead, Hitachi's Stuijt believes that the focus on improving fuel efficiency will be an ongoing theme for wheeled loader development. "Further emphasis on reducing fuel consumption is essential," he said. "I also think that high oil prices will drive further investment in hybrid power and maybe through the economies of scale, the cost of such machines will become more affordable." According to Stuijt, other future changes for wheeled loaders, as well as other quarry machines, are likely to include improved recyclability. "Whole life costs should actually cover the whole life of the machine and also improve reuse of parts when the unit has reached the end of its design life," he said.

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